Poetry for Children

Table of contents:

Introduction

Ok, hands up all of us parents who are clueless when it comes to poetry! I’m the first to admit I don’t know anything about it. But according to my darling sister Karen Smith (who just happens to be a published poet – author of Schist – and a  former librarian at the National Poetry Library) I don’t need to.

In this article Karen shares how it can help our children amidst the pandemic and why it can be so beneficial, transformative even, for our children, as well as how it can be accessed by the poetry nonplussed reader.

Thankfully the world of poetry has moved on from the stuffy, rote-learning school days our own parents had to endure.

Perhaps this is part of the reason why poetry consumption is thriving, with more than £1.3 million volumes sold in 2018. Bestselling Instagram poets like Rupi Kaur  and Charly Cox  are flying the flag for online poetry as anchor and compass in the lonely and confusing virtual-modern world, reminding us how words in a certain order can help us make sense of the chaos of everyday life. 

But it isn’t always easy to know where to start.

Many parents ask how do you even explain what poetry is to your children?  

Karen suggests explaining that it is a creative type of writing where the author thinks very carefully about which words to put together, choosing them for their sound, meaning, rhythm and/or expressive effects. It’s important to also point out that not all poems rhyme; they can be more about helping you say or show your feelings, or to understand others perspectives and transport you to imaginative places.

Right, but what’s next? With so many types of poetry it is easy to see how one can feel adrift in this literary archipelago.

So, I asked Karen, “why should you lead your little darlings into the mysterious and frankly discombobulating land of verse?

What’s in it for them? What’s in it for you?”

Why kids need poetry

It won’t surprise you to hear that reading poetry enhances literacy. And that enhances educational achievement in general, of course.

But poetry is special because it combines verbal and musical patterning, creating a double-boost of brain power for your children. Young children in particular respond to rhyme and song, and this can be a pleasurable way to enhance their reading ability. Mem Fox says in Why Reading Really Is Magic, If kids know six nursery rhymes by the time they are four, they are more likely to be in the top reading group at school by age eight.

Poems are distinct, memorable and imaginative. They allow us to be playful, creative and expressive in ways that other forms just don’t allow.

In short: they make our brains thrive.

Research into “The Power of Poetry” for primary age children stresses how important it can be for brain health, emotional wellbeing and developing empathetic relationships with others.

Now more than ever, in the midst of the COVID-19 crisis parents all over the world are turning to the emotional intelligence of poetry to help their children process this turbulent time. According to Cheryl Moskowitz …

‘Poets can translate trauma. A poem is a way of sharing thoughts and ideas widely with others. It is a conversation and one that can be easily shared, even (or perhaps especially) from a place of isolation’.

There’s so much for children to learn by translating their experiences into poetry; it’s a safe place for them to work through difficult issues and connect with the experiences of others. Empathy, expression and creativity collide; the result? A new, healthier perspective on the world.  Hence a ‘conVERSEation’ about COVID-19 was born, as part of Moskowitz’s coronavirus collection  for children, to help them deal with the trauma of the pandemic in a positive, helpful way. Well worth checking out.

With children being seven times more likely to write poetry than adults, and around half of children aged 8-18 reading, writing or performing poetry in their spare time, there’s clearly something magnetising about this form of prose.

But don’t worry if that doesn’t sound like your child.

The research claims that when kids don’t willingly engage in poetry it can be because they don’t see it as entertaining or relevant enough. “And that is something that we – as (…) parents or carers, educationalists (…)  – can do something about.”  (National Literacy Trust research report).

We can make poetry fun…

Poetry’s not just for children, it’s for life. Instructions for use.

It’s never too early to introduce poetry to your children. And naturally you’ll get the benefits too! So how can you introduce poetry to your kids and or capitalise on its benefits for the whole family?

Sing.

Yes, sing! I grimace at this suggestion and audibly sigh. I sound like a strangled cat when I open my singing voice at the best of times. But my sister reassures me that the quality of your voice is irrelevant, it’s the rhythm that sparks the more primitive part of the brain, engaging those learning muscles, memorability and verbal patterning. It aids retrievability, and makes poetry more accessible for children.

Rhyme time or Rhythm time classes

might be the way to go, especially for younger children, toddlers and babies. There are free classes at most local libraries or paid-for classes (many of which have recently moved online), often involving action songs, books, rhymes, singing, musical instruments and characters.  It’s no accident that this is a well-embedded, and historical part of our oral culture; for centuries we have passed on stories through singing, rhyme and music because we are naturally predisposed to learn in this way.

Enjoy e-poetry videos and audio downloads.

No time to read poetry? See the National Poetry Library website  and listen to poetry radio  for some great kid friendly verses that can be played at the touch of a button. Sometimes when my daughter and I are milling around the house I have some of these on in the background. It creates a calming atmosphere and aids her literacy skills. Even if her attention is focused elsewhere at times, I like to think she is processing it, albeit subconsciously.

Enlist the help of free online literacy activities.

Poetry 4kids and the Centre for Literacy in Primary Education  have some fabulous resources for parents to use at home. Whilst these are generally literacy-based, there’s no reason why they can’t be tailored to poetry. For instance, creating a poetry inspired game, making a poetry box, turning a poem into a drawing.

Consider your attitude towards poetry.

Remember that article on self-efficacy ? Well it has overlaps here, as your confidence with poetry sets the scene for how you interact with your child about it. That’s not to say you need to falsely pretend you are an expert; a curious yet determined approach to engage with it can foster an encouraging climate. Children who watch their parents enjoy poetry or at least observe them spending time attempting to understand it, are far more likely to engage. Why not check out some of Karen’s poetry recommendations for parents below?

Don’t force it.

Be led by your child and their interests by selecting texts on topics they will enjoy.  You might have planned a lovely night time rhyme session, but if your child isn’t in the mood that night, be flexible. As with a lot of things in parenting life, picking the most opportune moment is key.

Act it out or read aloud.

Poems are made to be spoken. By bringing the text to life through reading and acting, confidence, creativity, concentration, communication, physical and emotional intelligence are enhanced. Tips for performing poems can be found here.

Poetry recommendations

For Kids

Select the right poems

targeting the right level for your child, such as choosing the appropriate text to illustration ratio, content, and complexity of rhythm, can be a minefield.  But fear not! Poetry By Heart  has some excellent advice for choosing the right poems by age and Leapfrog  has a helpful checklist too. Karen suggests visiting an e-library or your local library with your child. And don’t be afraid to ask a friendly librarian for advice! Observe how your children respond to certain poems, and try a selection. But as the classic advice goes, don’t judge a book by its cover. It might just surprise you what they are into.

Have a look at booklists for children

on the CLPE website, The Poetry Book Society Children’s corner and the Parent’s Guide to Poetry.

Watch poetry in movies.

This can be a great place to start for the lesser enthused mini poet. It can show them poetry in action.

Start with anthologies

(collections of poems) so they can try different kinds of poems. The Rattle Bag  is a classic and others such as Read Me and Laugh: A Funny Poem for Every Day of the Year  can be particularly engaging.

Bring poetry to life with toys.

Small world play can be a wonderful and creative way for children to apply and act out poetry. It can help them to make sense of the words in a visual and physical format, and relate the rhymes to real life.

Consult poetry collections (real and virtual)

at your local library, or the National Poetry Library, the Poetry Foundation and/or Children’s Poetry Archive.

For Parents Dive into the world of poetry with some of Karen’s recommendations, and experience the magic of it yourself. Go on, you deserve it.

  • Frances Cornford ‘Ode on the Whole Duty of Parents’.
  • Philip Larkin ‘This be the Verse’
  • Courtney Lamar Charleston ‘How do you Raise a Black Child?  Video format
  • Liz Berry ‘The Republic of Motherhood’
  • General browsing – motherhood
  • Poems for Fathers

Final verse

Those of you who have read my articles before, will likely be expecting me to close with a ‘final word’ but in this instance, I felt a poem would be more fitting. Karen kindly selected this piece to share some of the poetry love with you.

‘This Poem’ by Elma Mitchell
This poem is dangerous: it should not be left
Within reach of children, or even of adults
Who might swallow it whole, with possibly
Undesirable side-effects. If you come across
An unattended, unidentified poem
In a public place, do not attempt to tackle it
Yourself. Send it (preferably in a sealed container)
To the nearest centre of learning, where it will be rendered
Harmless, by experts. Even the simplest poem
May destroy your immunity to human emotions.
All poems must carry a Government warning: Words
Can seriously affect your heart.

 

Bibliography and References

Fox, M. (2005). Reading Magic: How Your Child Can Learn to Read Before School and Other Read-aloud Miracles. Pan Australia.

https://clpe.org.uk/library-and-resources/research/power-poetry-research-summary

https://nationalpoetryday.co.uk/wp/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/A-Thing-that-Makes-Me-Happy.pdf

https://childrenspoetrysummit.com/2020/07/30/cheryl-moskowitz-the-corona-collection-correction-post/

https://www.scholastic.com/parents/school-success/learning-toolkit-blog/introducing-poetry-to-kids.html

https://www.scholastic.com/parents/books-and-reading/raise-a-reader-blog/why-poetry-matters.html

https://nationalpoetryday.co.uk/wp/wp-content/uploads/2018/10/A-Thing-that-Makes-Me-Happy.pdf

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